- 1 What is petty theft?
- 2 What is a grand theft?
Get the latest information about theft In California:
Discover how much jail time for grand theft and petty theft in California. Find info of grand theft California statute of limitations, theft crime charges in California.
What is petty theft?
According to the California Penal Code §488, petty theft is the crime of stealing objects or money worth less than $ 400. A common example of small theft is shoplifting. Depending on your criminal record and the nature of the theft, you may face a misdemeanor or felony charge.
Read also: how much embezzlement is a felony
What is the punishment for the first crime of petty theft?
If it is your first offense, you may receive a small fine of up to $ 400, 1 – 3 years of probation, and / or community service hours. In some cases, a first infraction may be reduced, according to the California Penal Code §491. Read also: Is embezzlement a felony in California
What is an infraction?
An infraction is less serious than a misdemeanor and will not appear in your criminal record. The penalty for an infraction is a fine of less than $ 250. You may receive a violation if it is your first violation or if the value of the stolen item is less than $ 50. Read also: is embezzlement a felony or misdemeanor in NC
What is the penalty for a second or third infraction for small theft?
Under California Penal Code §490, if it is your second or third offense, you may be charged with a crime or felony theft, which is also known as petty theft with a history. This indictment can result in a penalty ranging from one year in the county jail to 16 months in state prison, in addition to large fines and / or restitution.
What is a grand theft?
According to California Penal Code §487, grand theft is a felony or felony charge that involves a person stealing money or items worth more than $ 400. Some examples of this kind of theft include auto theft, embezzlement, extortion, identity theft, and fraud. While cases of major theft can vary widely, all of these crimes involve taking without permission something that legitimately belongs to another person.
What is the penalty for grand theft?
The penalty for a grand theft can result in time in the county jail, up to 16 months in state prison, parole, parole, restitution, counseling, up to $ 10,000 in fines and community service.
If the theft involves a firearm, the punishment may include up to three years of jail time, according to the California Penal Code §489. Read also: Is embezzlement a felony or misdemeanor in Ohio
Who decides if the charges will be an infraction, a misdemeanor or a felony for petty theft?
It is up to the Prosecutor’s Office to decide which charges will be made for a crime of petty theft. This decision generally takes into account your criminal record, the value of the merchandise in question, as well as the circumstances surrounding the crime.
What happens in my first court appearance?
Your first appearance in court is called an Arrangement. In it, he introduces a plea to the charges; The options include guilty, not guilty, or not contesting. Your lawyer can appear for you on a misdemeanor charge, but you must appear in person on a felony charge.
What is restitution?
Restitution is paying the victim for the value of the items or the money that he has stolen. Most sanctions for theft will require you to pay restitution to the victim.
What is parole or probation?
Probation must be supervised by a parole or probation officer for a certain period of time. You may be subject to certain parole or probation requirements, such as keeping appointments with the assigned officer, paying fees, completing work or community service requirements, undergoing drug and / or alcohol testing, and any anything else the officer wants to require.
If you do not meet the requirements of your parole or probation, you risk going back to jail or prison to serve the rest of your sentence. Read also: is embezzlement a felony or misdemeanor
What is community service?
As part of your punishment, you may be asked to perform a certain amount of service to the community, which is a job you must do for free to the benefit of a governmental or non-profit organization.
Community service is usually created through the judicial system and in California, it can include the CalTrans program, which involves cleaning highways.